The degradation of the Baltic Sea due to marine and land pollution is an ongoing problem. Its ecosystems are among the most threatened in the world, endangering its current and future benefits to society.

Previous efforts to address the deterioration of the Baltic ecosystem have focused primarily on technology and lacked engagement of a broader range of stakeholders in the market. The “experts” who define these measures have in the past had little engagement with industry, investors, civil society and authorities.

Furthermore, investments in measures to reduce pollutants and nutrients are often designed based on single objectives that limit opportunities for multiple benefits. Regional dimension of environmental degradation in the Baltic Sea Region has historically received weaker recognition in policy development and local implementation. However, developments in recent years suggest a new trend with growing investments in environmental protection in supporting social, economic, and territorial cohesion.